Vergne made contact with Caterham's Giedo van der Garde on the opening lap and suffered terminal damage in the collision.
"I was pushed by [Valtteri] Bottas as I passed him on the outside of Turn 4, giving him plenty of room and he clipped my car," said Vergne.
"Unfortunately for Van de Garde, he was in the wrong place at the wrong time and it was a big impact, which caused a lot of damage to the car, including a puncture and left it with a big piece of the floor missing."
"After I pitted, I tried to carry on to see how the car felt, but in the end, I was a lap down, I’d lost plenty of aero and the team could see that the damage was causing the car to overheat to an unsafe level, so they called me in to retire. This opening sequence of races has not gone too well for me and I really hope that the beginning of the European part of the season will be like a new start for me."