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Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 25 Jun 2009, 12:07
by Ali
A brief KERS History in the middle of 2009 Season:

Renault: KERS dangerous and expensive
Renault chiefs have launched a scathing attack on the introduction of KERS (Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems) in Formula One this year - claiming they are dangerous and too expensive. As teams continue preparations of the devices in pre-season testing, Renault team principal Flavio Briatore has labelled the use of them in Formula one as a 'terrible mistake'. And his technical director Bob Bell has expressed fears of a KERS accident this season - with perhaps a mechanic suffering an electric shock like happened to a BMW mechanic during testing last year. Renault are scheduled to introduce their own KERS for the first race of the season in Australia, but that has not stopped Briatore and Bell criticising the idea of using them.
Bell, who says the team are undecided yet on whether KERS will run in Australia, is fearful about the possibility of an incident with the systems this year.

When asked at the launch of the team's new R29 in Portugal on Monday if he had any safety concerns about KERS, he said: "Very much so. It's unknown territory for us.

"We are not used to seeing cars with high voltage stickers. I think there will be some accidents this year. It's inevitable. And you'll probably see some mechanics get nasty shocks. Let's hope it's no more than that. The same could be said of marshals.

"The sport has done a very good job of trying to minimise the risk, to mechanics, technicians and trackside people, but there is still a risk. It's several hundred volts and the potential to be tens of amps, so it's pretty lethal. And it's DC (direct current), so if you hold it you cannot let go."

Briatore is deeply unhappy about the amount of money his team have had to spend on KERS, especially against the backdrop of the worldwide economic crisis.

"I think it is a terrible mistake," said Briatore. "In the end Renault, Mercedes-Benz and Ferrari supply engines to other teams, and we are not making any money - it is costing us but we are doing it for the good of F1.

"We have the big reduction in the costs of engines, but in another way we have opened the door on something else. We don't know how much it is going to cost us in the end with development, and we don't know if it is dangerous or not - it looks like it is not 100 percent in control.

"And does it bring any good to us? What it brings to us is only cost, that is sure."

Briatore has criticised rivals BMW Sauber for not backing a proposal put forward at the Chinese Grand Prix last year for a delay in the introduction of KERS. Their decision meant that other teams were forced to keep developing their own devices in readiness for this season.

"We have this situation because one team only was determined to take this programme," explained Briatore.

"We know already for 2010 there is an option for a standard KERS - so whatever money we spend this year is for one year only. In this kind of environment it is completely unnecessary what we are doing. Plus, if you ask about performance - nobody knows. If you ask me, better with KERS or better without KERS? That is a big question mark.

"But for sure BMW wanted to go to the end, so we had to follow that. It is difficult for us to have one competitor developing a programme and we are not part of it. We are talking about performance, but in this moment to support such a programme brings no good to anyone. What we know is we spend a lot of money for nothing. That is for sure."


Williams unlikely to use KERS regularly
Williams is unlikely to run with KERS regularly this season because of concerns about the weight of its in-house system. The team had originally targeted next week's Turkish Grand Prix for its KERS debut. But despite making good progress with developing its flywheel system, director of engineering Patrick Head has admitted that it will be difficult to integrate it into the Williams FW31 without having a negative impact on its handling.
Head admitted that the nature of a flywheel system means that it is significantly heavier than the battery systems used by the rest of the field. At 35kg, its in-house KERS is understood to be around 10kg heavier than the McLaren-Mercedes system.

Although this means that the team will struggle to gain any performance benefit out of the system at most tracks, it could still give it a run later in the season at a low-speed track, where the need to get the weight distribution as far forward as possible is less critical. This raises the possibility of Williams racing its KERS system at, for example, Singapore.

"The fundamental problem is, and this was raised early on, that even though our system has got a lot of capacity, it weights 35kg," said Head. "We can't get the optimum weight distribution if we're running the system.

"We're keeping working on our KERS. I'm not saying we won't run it this year but it will be difficult to run it on the car and have the car set in its optimum performance window.

"But if you go to a slower speed track, your optimum weight distribution moves rearwards anyway."

Head believes that the flywheel KERS system will offer a bigger advantage next year, when the imperative for a forward weight distribution is eased by the introduction of a narrower front tyre. However, it is not yet clear whether teams will be able to use their own systems, or the mooted common KERS unit.

He also added that he was happy with the progress the team has made on its KERS system along with its in-house company Williams Hybrid Power.

"KERS is certainly still under development," said Head. "We've developed our own motor and they are amazing things. Quite small - about the size of a part-used lavatory roll and it puts out 80bhp. That's been running on our rig back in the factory both absorbing and feeding back in power.

"The inverter is all done and that's running well. The flywheel has been running on the rig and we had a few development problems associated with mounting a flywheel within a car, but we've solved them now."

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BMW drops KERS for rest of 2009
Mario Theissen on Saturday announced that BMW Sauber has decided to drop KERS for the rest of the 2009 season. The German squad recently ceased using the controversial energy re-use technology in order to focus on aerodynamic improvements, and Theissen confirmed at Silverstone that the policy will also continue throughout the season's final nine rounds. "We have in the past weeks considered what is possible in terms of aerodynamic development with KERS and without KERS," said Theissen. "We decided that more progress can be made without the installation of KERS.
With McLaren also not using KERS this weekend, and Renault having quietly dropped its system some races ago, only the two Ferraris feature active KERS units at Silverstone.

But having voted recently to retain the option of using the technology in 2010, Theissen insists KERS cannot be characterised as "a flop" for F1.

"There has been success in the transfer of technology (to BMW's road car division)," he said. "Our engineers are supporting the research and development in Munich and that will continue for some time. What has been learned can be used not only for hybrid cars, but also for electric and conventional cars," said Theissen.

But he confesses that, without a rule mandating KERS, the systems are destined to "disappear" from Formula One.

"I regret that, because we would have had a chance to position Formula One as a technology innovator."

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Domenicali: KERS a costly flop for F1
Ferrari team boss Stefano Domenicali says the introduction of the Kinetic Energy Recovery System in Formula 1 has been a multi-million flop. Although most of the teams objected to it, the KERS system was introduced in Formula 1 for this season, but just Ferrari used it in the British Grand Prix. Only Ferrari, McLaren, BMW Sauber and Renault have raced with KERS at some point this year, although other teams have also spent millions developing it. BMW, who was the only team who refused to join a veto on KERS last year, has decided to give up on the system. Domenicali said there was no denying its introduction was a mistake.
"Yes. It is too simple to say yes, but that is a fact," Domenicali told reporters at Silverstone. "I think we have to learn from it. One thing is the new technology and the fact that for sure KERS on the one side is the future of the road car side. But we are dealing in an environment that is totally different.

"We are in a racing environment where they are a lot of things, a lot of compromises, that we have to take in order to ensure that this new technology could be beneficial to the performance of the car. At the end of the day, this is what it is all about.

"The reality is that the facts show that KERS in the way that it is now is not ready to be performing in this set of regulations. That is a fact. And, this is something that we need to learn from in the future.

"As we always said, F1 is vital to ensure the technological transfer from the racing division to the road car side, but we need to make sure that this is line with what we have to do to ensure we are winning on the sporting side. So, for the future, before doing certain choices, we have to think carefully because we must not make another mistake."

When asked how much his team has spent in developing KERS, Domenicali said: "I cannot because it is too heavy for me to say that, to be honest. I know that if you put that amount of money into the development of the car, then you would have been fast like Red Bull today! It was millions of Euros."

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Force India puts KERS debut on hold
The Force India team has ruled out introducing its KERS system at the Spanish Grand Prix, as the Silverstone-based squad has decided to focus its development elsewhere. The Mercedes-powered team had originally planned to introduce the Kinetic Energy Recovery System for the start of the European season, but team boss Vijay Mallya admitted the plan has been scrapped. Force India has instead decided to focus on the development of aerodynamic components, as the team believes KERS would not be an advantage.
Mallya said, however, that the team still plans to run the system later this year.

"At the beginning of the year, it was our provisional plan to introduce the system for the start of the European season, but we have decided to put the emphasis on aero development where we feel the greater gains can be found," said Mallya.

"As we've seen many other teams are not running KERS so we do not feel we are at a disadvantage. We still plan to use it later in the season, but this will be reviewed after each race in line with the other work we have going on in the background"

Force India run several new updates at the Bahrain Grand Prix last month, and Mallya admitted he was pleased with the step forward they allowed his team to take.

"I was very pleased to see the clear improvement we demonstrated in Bahrain as a result of the new diffuser and aero upgrades," he said.

"To get both cars fitted with the modified floor in such a short time was a major undertaking, particularly from a team with such a limited workforce and budget as Force India.

"This of course was only the first stage in development and for Barcelona we'll have yet more upgrades coming through based on the information we gained in Bahrain.

"We'll be running a driver-adjustable front wing flap and a further modification for the front wing. This is just part of our ongoing development cycle and there will be further upgrades at most of the forthcoming races."

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McLaren: Circumstance scuppered KERS
McLaren team boss Martin Whitmarsh believes that a 'perfect storm' of circumstances is to blame for KERS failing to be a success in Formula 1. With only Ferrari running with KERS at last weekend's British Grand Prix, and teams set to drop the technology for 2010, several bosses have claimed that the introduction of the technology was a flop. And although Whitmarsh agrees that the huge investment in KERS has been a waste, he thinks it was purely circumstances caused by new regulations that resulted in the experiment not working.
"The concept of KERS was probably the right thing to do for F1, but two years ago at Silverstone it seemed it was getting out of control in terms of the technical openness of it, and every team bar Williams agreed to abandon it," explained Whitmarsh.

"At the end of last year it was every team bar BMW, and we've always taken a flexible view on it. On those two occasions we were prepared to get rid of it.

"The regulations are incredibly wide, and they are challenging in that to develop a KERS system within the weight and packaging constraints of F1, with the power and energy limitations and still have performance is difficult.

"And if you look back on it now with hindsight, this industry has undoubtedly wasted a lot of money in that area, particularly if we are not going to be running with KERS next year.

"McLaren and Mercedes's position is that we believe we have come this far and should continue with KERS, but the spirit of cooperation that exists within F1 now with FOTA, we accept not using vetoes to block these things.

"A majority of teams want to block it and it has been unfortunate for us because we have put a tremendous amount of effort, with the added potential distraction in our engineering programme and concept of this car."

He added: "Like all of these things you get the perfect storm of issues. Putting it as kindly as possible, we were not as adventurous in our diffuser interpretation, and that gave us limitations in how you respond to it.

"We were behind on the development of the overall aero concept, and we have put a lot of effort into KERS because F1 was committing to it. Looking back we could have made some different decisions, but that is how hindsight works."

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FOTA agrees to drop KERS in 2010
The Formula One Teams' Association is pushing for the sport to abandon KERS entirely next year, after agreeing that the technology should be dropped as it is now too expensive. Following a limited take-up of the energy recovery device for 2009, members of the teams' organisation have voted in favour of abandoning it entirely next year on money grounds. While the move has not been universally welcomed, with BMW Sauber in particular once again keen for it to be retained, the majority decision by FOTA means that the move has now been put into action. BMW motorsport director Mario Theissen said: "We have voted in favour of KERS but, as with all the other FOTA decisions so far, we will go with the majority."
Although KERS is currently allowed in the 2010 technical regulations, there is nothing forcing teams to run it. At the Turkish Grand Prix, only McLaren and Ferrari competed with the device.

Even if the FIA refuses to change the regulations to outlaw it, FOTA agreement would be enough for the technology not to be used.

Ferrari team principal Stefano Domenicali said that even though his team had invested a lot of time and effort in developing KERS it was for the greater good that the decision had been made to abandon it.

When asked on Sunday night if it was true the teams were pushing for it to be dropped, Domenicali said: "Yes. In terms of the discussion we had within FOTA, we are talking about cost saving for the new teams as well.

"We are the only one together with McLaren who are using it. We invested a lot and we always said that it is difficult for the supporters to understand why there are some cars with KERS and some cars without KERS, so if you have a total logical approach, if we are all together fine then it is better not to have it."

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Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 30 Jun 2009, 17:23
by bar555
Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS) - Williams flybrid system


From 2009 teams have the option of employing a KERS to boost their car’s performance. As its name implies, a KERS recovers the (normally wasted) kinetic energy generated by the car’s braking process



This energy is stored using a mechanical flywheel or an electrical battery and then made available to the driver, in set amounts per lap, via a ‘boost button’ on the steering wheel


Under the current regulations the power gain equates to around 80 horsepower, available for just under seven seconds per lap. This could be worth several tenths of a second in terms of lap time, but the weight and packaging of the system - and its impact on the car’s weight distribution - also have to be taken into account.


Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 06 Jul 2009, 13:12
by Ferrariman60
KERS was just an underhanded attempt to make F1, "Eco friendly." This is RACING guys, it's not supposed to be PC or, "Eco conscious." It's supposed to be over the top, fast as hell and spectacular to watch. All the new regs this year have made the cars slower and very ugly. All KERS can really do at the moment is slow the cars down with the extra weight. I am not against KERS if the teams want to run it, but I think the technology needs more honing before it can truly be exploited to its potential. Also, if they want to make it an, "Open," technical aspect, don't limit the amount of energy that can be stored and discharged. Let the teams get the maximum out of it if you want them to spend millions of dollars on it.

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 06 Jul 2009, 13:14
by JoostLamers
Does Dani Pedrosa have KERS on his Honda? :p

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 06 Jul 2009, 16:37
by megasyxx
kers that kers :lol:

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 19 Aug 2009, 17:17
by JoostLamers
Whitmarsh explains road to KERS-equipped win
The road from early Kinetic Energy Recovery System development to a historic maiden KERS-equipped win at the Hungarian Grand Prix has been a difficult one for the McLaren Mercedes team. Such is the opinion of Martin Whitmarsh as he shared his thoughts on the matter during a phone-in conference on Wednesday.

"KERS turned out probably to be a bigger technical challenge than anyone realised at the outset," the Team Principal said. "I think what has been achieved is technically truly phenomenal.

"To be able to harvest the energy and redeploy it is challenging enough, but then to put all of the equipment necessary to achieve that within a Formula One car environment has been a real challenge," Whitmarsh explained, pointing out that the team was able to develop a 30-kilo system, probably the lightest KERS of the entire field.

Part of the difficulty for teams was building a car light enough, yet spacious enough to accommodate the weight of KERS: "Given the amount of energy that we're allowed to store and amount of power we are able to deploy, the theoretical benefit is never any more than 0.3 or 0.4 of a second [per lap], so clearly you've got to build a car below the weight limit first and foremost."

However, at the beginning of the season McLaren were dealing with several issues requiring serious attention.

"We had the weight distribution wrong for the tyres that were new this season," Whitmarsh explained. "It was difficult given the KERS installation and consequent lack of ballast, so I didn't think it helped us. Aerodynamically, the packaging has a negative influence on the car.

Our problems at the beginning of the year were various, stemming from the fact that (...) we put a lot of effort into developing last year's car."

With the sweeping major changes to the aerodynamic regulations coming into effect this year, the late development of the McLaren MP4-24 was further hampered by several technical and engineering matters coming into play at once.

"Consequently we weren't as well prepared for this year," Whitmarsh said. "I don't think we did a good enough job, we went down a technical blind alley, so we made a number of mistakes and that cost us dearly at the beginning of the year. KERS was just one of the challenges that we had which may have contributed to it."

Despite all the initial development and implementation troubles, the McLaren boss firmly believes that KERS is a definite asset, the Hungarian Grand Prix victory having proven the system's potential.

"Now there's no doubt that KERS is an advantage," he insisted. "We have potentially a small lap time advantage, we have a potential overtake or defend advantage, and certainly if we can get near the front of the grid then we have a launch advantage.

"It's been a real interesting technical challenge for everyone in the team," Whitmarsh said.

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Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 14 Oct 2009, 09:36
by lealjaime
short live for kers....for now

you never know fia rules

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 24 May 2010, 19:19
by apple never know..TS tells in its news that KERS is coming back at 2011. However it will not be oblicatory until 2013.
Ferrari and Renault want to build their own system, Mercedes is hasitating and Red Bull, Toro Rosso, Force India and other customer teams use their engine manufactures kers. Lotus is not going to build one, and coswoth engine users have their kers from FIA with 1.5 million.
Ferrari has made a suggestion that new KERS would provide 150 horsepowers for 10 seconds per lap.

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 26 May 2010, 15:48
by alex1369
kers is good for the sport, i liked it in 09, for me kers can only bring better racing, so its a big + for kers comeback

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 28 May 2010, 15:32
by f1freak
I think technology wise KERS is good, but its an expensive machinery & still needs lots of time to develop it to perform to the peak & more importantly all the teams can't afford it. I was watching the 1993 Season Review & was surprised how cars use to overtake with so much ease without KERS, with clean body work etc etc. Although the tires played a major role why doesn't the FIA /FOTA go back to the basics & review that season & change the rules once in for all to make racing more excitement.

Re: Kinetic Energy Recovery System - KERS

Posted: 10 Feb 2011, 14:16
by Ferrariman60
Well, it's 2011 now and KERS is back.

I remember Williams were running a "flybrid" system in 2009 while the other teams were using more "conventional" battery-driven systems. How are the teams approaching the application and packaging of KERS now in 2011?